The Lord’s Prayer
Sozo Short Bible Study – Category #1 – Christian Life Basics
Matthew 6:8-15 – Understanding more about the meaning of each line of “The Lord’s Prayer”…
By Pastor G. E. Newmyer
Let’s begin with Matthew 6:8 of “The Lord’s Prayer”:
“Be not you therefore like unto them: for your Father knows what things you have need of, before you ask Him.” Matthew 6:8 (KJV)
Does this mean we’re not supposed to ask? Of course not, it means that “God knows”; and He has known since the foundation of the world, thus He is waiting to grant our need when we do ask.
Trusting God: This same concept is how we received the Cross; the Cross has been around for nearly 2,000 years, but became effective for us when we received it. However, we can also pray in front of those we know who have the wherewithal to meet our need in an attempt to move them to meet our need, but this would be manipulation. Trusting in God is the key, we trust in God by asking with thanksgiving, while praising Him for the result, regardless of the result.
God granted us Mercy, but it doesn’t mean that He then ran off to some distant corner in space. God desires to help us; He desires to see us reach the result, which is the saving of our souls. Paul said he was instructed to abound and be abased, to go hungry and to be full; the key then is “instruction.”
Praying, then listening: Prayer is not a one way street or like a rude telephone call when we tell the other person all we want and then hang up before they talk. We must speak, but we must listen as well. Prayer doesn’t move God to where we’re at; it moves us to where God wants us.
“After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.” Matthew 6:9 (KJV)
Jesus didn’t say that “this is the way He prays”; rather He said this is the way you pray. It was also directed to those who stood at the Door, not to those who had made entry. However, it is a good outline and covers many areas of Mercy, as well as binding and loosing.
The direction of the prayer meant more to these people than to us, but in it we find many great things which apply to us specifically. This is to “obtain” the Kingdom, but it also points to “maintaining it.
The area is narrowed down to forgiveness and receiving the Kingdom, yet Luke 7:20-21 says the Kingdom is within. Ahh, these people didn’t have the Spirit; and John’s account shows the Spirit was not given until Jesus was glorified (Jn 7:39. Thus, this prayer shows how one seeks forgiveness of sins from the Father.
Location is the first venue, Our Father which art in heaven. The Report is in heaven, we need the Witness on earth to complete the Report. Next is the “Name” which points to the authority of the Father, which is Mercy based. (See 1 John 5)
“Your kingdom come. Your will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.” Matthew 6:10 (KJV)
Now we have a problem; in the Book of Hebrews the Father tells the Son, “Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your Kingdom” (Heb 1:8). Here Jesus is telling these people to pray to the Father for the Father’s Kingdom to come, so what gives? Ahh, the kingdom of heaven is the place of Mercy, the Kingdom of God the place where the Spirit of Grace resides in the person. God’s will is in heaven; thus we can bind His will for us by binding people to our unforgiveness, or we can loose the Father’s Mercy by forgiving others. Therefore, first must come the kingdom of heaven so the Will of the Father can be accomplished.
“Give us this day our daily bread.” Matthew 6:11 (KJV)
Okay, hold it; man does not live by bread alone, but man does need bread. The daily bread, or provision, is predicated on this prayer, yet it also shows God’s mercy. Since we are the Bread, this could show how Jesus gave us the Body (I Cor 10:16), we are renewed daily in the Body by forgiving as we are forgiven.
“And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.” Matthew 6:12 (KJV)
Debts are anything owed, but the premise is “as we forgive others”; therefore, if we fail to forgive, we can’t be forgiven, which most of us know; but there is another step here. Not only do we forgive going in, but we must continue to forgive. This is the same context as John 20:21-23, in order for the Kingdom to Come, there had to be a Preparation, one of Faith coupled to an action.
On the Day of Pentecost no one had been filled with the Holy Ghost to receive the Gift of the Spirit. Yet the people prayed forgiving in order to be forgiven, so they could receive the Power from on high. Their belief was based in what Jesus said; their faith in what was to happen as a result of obeying what Jesus said.
We are Debtors, not to the Law of Moses which also had debts, but to the Law of the Spirit. None of us have enough money or good works to obtain Grace; but once we obtain it, we then have the responsibility to “do Grace by Grace.”
The Prayer as a Vow: We have two different Greek words here; in the T.R. it reads “forgive us the debts of us, as also we forgive the debtors of us.” The first word for Debts is the Greek Opheilema meaning “What is owed which is strictly due.” (Rom 4:4). It also refers to a Trespass or Offense. The second word Debtors is the Greek Opheiletes meaning To owe; it includes Favors and money with a meaning of someone bound to a duty. It’s here where we find this prayer is a Vow. If one enters the kingdom, they have made this Vow by the mere fact they have gained entrance. We made entry by asking God to forgive us, but the proviso was for us to forgive others.
This is releasing or loosing anyone who is bound to us by some sin or wrong they have done to us; it means we don’t go about demanding forgiveness from others, it’s not owed. We are not told to seek validation or justice. When we stand praying we forgive; and it may take a considerable amount of time for the fullness of Mercy to come forth, but faith says it will (Mark 11:22-26).
“And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, for Yours is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory forever. Amen.” Matthew 6:13 (KJV)
The prior statements dictate this area: Respect for the Name of God, obtaining the kingdom, denial of our will, asking for the Bread of Life, and forgiving others. It’s not merely using the “right name” of God, but respecting what it stands for. Here it relates to Mercy, and the evil we are asking to be delivered from is the darkness. The kingdom of heaven has Power, and the Greek word for Power is Dunamis; thus there is Dunamis in Mercy. For God to lead us into temptation would be for Him to leave us in the world. For in the world you will have temptation, but Jesus has overcome the world. Preparation for the Gospel includes these areas, we ask, we receive, we do.
This entire Prayer is useless if we don’t forgive, thus forgiveness is the key to Mercy, connecting this prayer to the prior teachings of Mercy. This prayer shows us the Will of the Father is to forgive as God for Christ’s sake has forgiven us.
Points of the Covenant: This is still Covenant talk: we “do,” then “God does”; “God does” and “we do.” This is not a mind game, but based in faith. Mark tells us to say to the mountain “Go!” And then have faith in God to remove it. It’s the same premise as imputing forgiveness on the unforgivable, knowing God’s Mercy will come and grant us the Power to forgive.
“For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: but if you forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses Matthew 6:14-15 (KJV)
Is this Grace? Hardly; this calls for an effort on our part first and then Grace is a Gift which can’t be earned. This verse refers to Mercy, showing that Mercy is the glue keeping us on the path of Grace. This element “of forgive to be forgiven” is seen throughout the Gospel; and it’s the very foundation to gaining entry into the kingdom. We cannot reject this area and presume we’re saved; even if we have the Spirit we must maintain Mercy.
By G. E. Newmyer – c 2015 – All rights reserved.
Note: The use of SOZO Bible Study Lessons, Newsletters or Short Studies (written/penned by Pastor G. Evan Newmyer as scribe and author, prior to his passing from this world) has been given to Ann M. Wolf by written permission from the author, as was customarily granted to alumni of the Sozo Bible Institute. This limited permission is given under clear agreement to never “charge” specific amounts for the Lessons with the intention of obtaining specific profits, but rather to share the material with others as the Spirit leads, for the purpose of “edification and encouragement,” on a free will offering basis, and while honoring the biblical principal to “teach the truth in love.” We ask then, that the desires of the original scribe (Rev. Newmyer) be respected; therefore the material can be shared among those who are dedicated in their study of the Bible, but shared freely on an offering basis and with respect to the copyright laws of the land and states. All rights are reserved. Read More.
Learn about lending a hand to MOTL Library: Read More.
King James Version – KJV: For greater understanding of these commentaries, please use the Authorized Version of the King James Bible for confirming the Scripture passages mentioned. Please see the article, “Why KJV” by Ann M. Wolf for information regarding why we use KJV. Thank you for visiting our Sozo Short Bible Studies area.